Connective tissue diseases

Connective Tissue Diseases

Connective tissue diseases

Connective tissue disease refers to a group of inflammatory disorders that can affect many different organs in the body. These can include the joints, eyes, heart, lungs, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, and blood vessels.

There are more than 200 connective tissue disorders. Below are a few of the main ones.

SLE (Systemic Lupus Erythematosis, or Lupus)

SLE is a disease characterized by inflammation of the joints, skin, and internal organs. Symptoms may include a butterfly-shaped rash on the cheeks and bridge of the nose, hair loss, mouth ulcers, kidney problems and anaemia.


Scleroderma leads to thickened tightening od the skin, and multi-organ damage.

Localized scleroderma is confined mainly to the skin, and Systemic sclerosis also involves the blood vessels and major organs.

Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis

These conditions lead to inflammation of the muscles (mainly larger muscles) of the shoulders, hips and thighs. In dermatomyositis, there is also an associated rash of the skin.